Menu
企业版 轻量版

文档

NULL值

NULL值代表未知数据。无法比较NULL和0,因为它们是不等价的。

创建表时,可以指定列可以存放或者不能存放NULL值,详情请参见NOT NULL约束。本节介绍IS NULL和IS NOT NULL操作符。

创建表customer_t1,数据如下:

openGauss=# SELECT * FROM customer_t1;
 c_customer_sk | c_customer_id | c_first_name | c_last_name | amount
---------------+---------------+--------------+-------------+--------
          3869 | hello         | Grace        |             |   1000
          3869 |               | Grace        |             |
          3869 | hello         |              |             |
          6985 | maps          | Joes         |             |   2200
          9976 | world         | James        |             |   5000
          4421 | Admin         | Local        |             |   3000
(6 rows)

IS NOT NULL

在WHERE子句中查找为NULL值的字段。

例如,列出表customer_t1中c_customer_id不为空值的字段。

openGauss=# SELECT * FROM customer_t1 WHERE c_customer_id IS NOT NULL;
 c_customer_sk | c_customer_id | c_first_name | c_last_name | amount
---------------+---------------+--------------+-------------+--------
          3869 | hello         | Grace        |             |   1000
          3869 | hello         |              |             |
          6985 | maps          | Joes         |             |   2200
          9976 | world         | James        |             |   5000
          4421 | Admin         | Local        |             |   3000
(5 rows)

IS NULL

在WHERE子句中查找为NULL值的字段。

例如,列出表customer_t1中c_customer_id为空值的字段。

openGauss=# SELECT * FROM customer_t1 WHERE c_customer_id IS NULL;
 c_customer_sk | c_customer_id | c_first_name | c_last_name | amount
---------------+---------------+--------------+-------------+--------
          3869 |               | Grace        |             |
(1 row)

本文档遵循知识共享许可协议CC 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by/4.0/)。